What are Difference Between Organic Fertilizer and Chemical Fertilizer?

Organic fertilizer refers to a variety of animal waste (including animal feces; animal processing waste) and plant residues (cake fertilizer; crop stalks; leaves; dead branches; peat, etc.). Using physical, chemical, biological technology or three (including but not limited to heaping; high temperature; anaerobic, etc.) to eliminate the harmful substances (pathogens, pests and diseases, weed seeds, etc.) and achieve harmless standards.
compost in hands
Organic fertilizer technical index
*Organic matter mass fraction (based on drying basis): ≥45

*Total nutrient (nitrogen + phosphorus pentoxide + potassium oxide) mass fraction (based on drying basis) ≥5.0

*Moisture content (fresh sample) of the mass fraction ≤ 30

*pH: 5.5-8.5

A lot of growers to give us a message to ask which is better for organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer? In fact, organic fertilizer is more suitable for use in crops. Why? Please look the analysis on the following.

Fertilizers from Rotary Drum Granulator
Organic fertilizer PK
chemical fertilizer

(1) Organic fertilizer contains a lot of organic matter, with significant soil fertility effect; chemical fertilizers can only provide crop inorganic nutrients, long-term application will cause adverse effects on the soil.

(2) Organic fertilizer contains a variety of nutrients, including a comprehensive balance of nutrients; chemical fertilizer contained in a single nutrient. Long-term use of soil and food easily leads to nutrient imbalance.

(3) Organic fertilizer contains low nutrient content, so it needs a large amount of applications; and chemical fertilizer contains high nutrient content, so the application is a little less.

(4) Fertilizer effect of organic fertilizer is long; fertilizer effect of chemical fertilizer is short, easily lead to nutrient loss, pollution of the environment.

(5) Organic fertilizer is from natural resource, without any chemical synthesis of substances. Long-term application can improve the quality of agricultural products; chemical fertilizers is a pure chemical synthesis of substances. Improper application can reduce the quality of agricultural products.

(6) In the production and process of organic fertilizer making, as long as the full maturity of treatment, it can improve crop drought after the application of organic fertilizer.What’s more, it helps disease resistance, insect resistance, and reduces the use of pesticides; Long-term use of chemical fertilizers often requires a large number of chemical pesticides to maintain crop growth, likely to cause harmful substances in food.

(7) Organic fertilizers contain a large number of beneficial microorganisms, which can promote the process of biotransformation in soil. It is beneficial to the improvement of soil fertility. Long-term application of chemical fertilizers can inhibit the activities of soil microbes, resulting in the decrease of soil self-regulation ability.

Obviously, organic fertilizer wins. Organic fertilizer has much more advantages than chemical fertilizer. When we make organic fertilizer, we should adopt right method.

Related reading about organic fertilizer production:
1. Commercial Organic Fertilizer Composting and Granulation
2. Organic Fertilizer Production Line Beginning and Construction
3. Mini Organic Fertilizer Production Line

How to Make Organic Fertilizer Pellets?

As we all know, there is a long history for making organic fertilizer. From using animal manure directly to making organic fertilizer compost, it develops to make organic fertilizer pellets or granules. However, what is the whole organic fertilizer production process? Generally speaking, it can be divided into two main steps, composting and granulation.

◇ Organic materials fermentation and decomposition

compost turner
hydraulic compost turner machine working

It usually adopts aerobic fermentation as the core of compact treatment in commercial organic fertilizer industrial production. The process consists of solid-liquid separation, material pre-treatment, fermentation, turning and decomposition. Studies have shown that the essence of the fermentation process is microbial decomposition of organic matter, wherein the amount of gas, temperature, humidity, and C/N are the main fermentation parameters, so the key technology of the regulation is to create a suitable environment for the aerobic microorganisms. In the retting process, heap mild pH value rising leads to nitrogen volatilization losses. Reducing nitrogen loss and preventing excessive organic matter decomposition of organic fertilizer are the keys to improve the organic fertilizer quality. The above problems can be solved by improving material pre-treatment, adjusting C/N, moisture, pH, and controlling temperature and fermentation time.
◇ Fermented organic material granulation
Fermented organic materials are characterized by coarse texture, poor adhesion and

disc fertilizer granulator_副本
pan fertilizer granulator production line

granulating difficulty. It has been bottleneck in organic fertilizer production for a long time. Organic fertilizer granulation can be in extrusion granulator organic production line and disc granulation organic fertilizer production line. Recently, organic fertilizer production can be processing in new type fertilizer granulator production line and pan fertilizer granulator production line.

Related information:
1. Proposal on Beginning a New Organic Fertilizer Production Line
2. Mini Organic Fertilizer Production Line Designed by Fan Way
3. Different Kinds of Fertilizer Granulator Machine for Organic Fertilizer Making

How to Make Humic Acid Fertilizer?

Humic Acid Fertilizer”.  Humic Acid Fertilizer containing Humic substances is the major constituents of Soil, Coal, Peat, Lakes, Ocean water etc. Humic Acid Fertilizer is produced by Bio degradation of dead organic matter over time. Humic Acid Fertilizer manufactured contains a complex mixture of many Carboxyl and Phenolate group acids. Fulvic acid fertilizer are Humic Acid Fertilizer having lower molecular weight and higher Oxygen content than most other Humic Acid Fertilizer. You can use organic fertilizer making machine to produce humic acid fertilizer.

Humic Acid Fertilizer is made with Naturally available Potassium Humate which is 100 % water-soluble. Humic Acid Fertilizer is used to supplement marginal soil with low organic matter and salt problems. Humic Acid Fertilizer also helps in releasing unavailable micro nutrients presents in the soil which in turn increases water holding capacity of the soil. Besides Humic Acid Fertilizer is an excellent addition to any compost or fertilizer. Click here to learn more about

Humic Acid Fertilizer – Nutritional facts:

  • Humic acid > 40%  (What is Humic Acid ?)
  • Fulvic acid > 5%  (What is Fulvic Acids?)
  • Nitrogen (N) + Phosphorus (P2O5) + Potasium (K2O) > 2.5%
  • Calcium(Ca) + Magnesium(Mg) + Zinc(Zn) > 1.5%
  • Aluminium(AI) + Boron(B) + Cobalt(Co) < 500 ppm
  • Sulphur (S) + Iron (Fe) + Sodium(Na) > 1.5%
  • Iodine(I) + Manganese(Mn): 500 – 800 ppm
  • Cytokinins + Alginic Acid + Mannitol + Gibberellins  > 0.5 %|
     

     

     

     

     

     

    “humic acid fertilizer”的图片搜索结果
    Humic acid is a hot topic in composting. It is a natural component of soil, mulch, peat and other earthy products. Humic acid is a by-product of microbes created during the decomposition of organic matter.

     

     

     

    What Does Humic Acid Do?                                                                                     

    Humic acid holds moisture in, and keeps soil wetter for longer. It also helps plants absorb vital nutrients.

    Do You Need to Add Humic Acid to Your Compost?                                                                 

    There are some companies that produce humic acid as an additive for compost and compost tea. Compost by itself creates humic acid. Unless your soil is sterile, the humic acid produced naturally by composting is all you need.     

    Should You Put Humic Acid in You Compost Tea?                                                                

    Commercially produced humic acid can be a useful additive in compost tea. It is a food substrate and food source for microorganisms. Plants being given compost tea with humic acid added to it will benefit from its ability to aid in water retention and nutrient uptake. Humic acid can also increase the fungal content of your tea.
    Related reading:
    1. Compost Turner Machine for Humic Acid Fertilizer Making
    2. Commercial Organic Fertilizer Composting and Granulation

Fan Way–Organic Fertilizer Ball Shape Machine

The fertilizer ball shaping machine uses a unique three in one machine to complete the whole process of low temperature drying, cooling and sieving. Organic fertilizer ball shaping machine with less investment, low operation cost, microbial survival rate more than 90%, which is widely used in organic waste granulation of organic fertilizer production line poultry raising, brewing, sugar, paper, medicine, tobacco, and other industries. The ball shaping machine is usually used with new type organic fertilizer granulator. The production of ball type pure organic fertilizer, organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer, bio organic fertilizer; (Biology) is the ideal choice for equipment organic fertilizer production enterprises.

organic fertilizer granulator
New type Organic Fertilizer Granulator Machine

500-chicken-manure-ball-pellet-machine_%e5%89%af%e6%9c%ac_%e5%89%af%e6%9c%ac
The main characteristics of the ball shaping machine:

1, fertilizer ball shaping machine this type pressure roller adopt bevel wheel. And ends with the mold plate and the outer ring line speed, the friction wheel and the dislocation does not appear to die, reduce the resistance, reducing the kinetic energy loss and prolong the service life of the die.
2, pressure rollers are uniformly arranged, smooth operation, eliminate the phenomenon of ordinary flat embossing roller is easy to feed.
3, the center of pressure regulating structure, adapt to different materials, to ensure the suppression effect. Sawdust, corn straw compression molding takes a lot of pressure, in the same granulation equipment, roller parts are the center of the device components, and the use of high quality alloy steel, improve the service life of the roller.
4, the fertilizer ball shaping machine have a variety of 2-8mm aperture mould, adapted to different materials to achieve the best results.

Related reading:
1. Mini Organic Fertilizer Production Line Designed by Fan Way
2. 50,000 tons per year New Type Granulator Organic Fertilizer Production Line

Abby
www.fertilizer-machinery.com
Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery

What Should We Notice in the Process of Organic Fertilizer Fermentation?

compost in hands
1. Fermentation material air permeability
In strict fermentation process, permeability condition has a direct impact on bacterial reproduction for anaerobic bacteria and aerobic bacteria. You can increase some holes in compost  in order to increase permeability. In the windrow stacking trough fermentation or groove type fermentation, try to add the required materials. You must pay attention to the ratio of the weight ratio rather than volume in the organic fertilizer production process.

2. When it is fermented for 1-2 days, the temperature is not changed or increased rapidly. It may be causes by excessive moisture. Firstly, check if the water content is greater than 60%. If so, add the dry materials and adjust to 60%. Another case is a lot of people cover airtight plastic to compost pile, leading to anaerobic fermentation. The correct way is to keep 15-20 centimeters of space between plastic and compost pile. In fact, you can use compost mixer turner to mix and turn compost pile. It can save time and labor force for fermentation.

3. When pH is too high or too low, it is easy to cause temperature is kept below 50 degrees. It means that your fermentation temperature is a little lower than normal fermentation temperature. Thus, you need to adjust pH value. If you want to lower pH value, you can use H3PO4 (phosphoric acid), KH2PO4 (potassium dihydrogen phosphate), FeCL3 (ferric chloride) and FeSO4 · 7H2O (black alum). If you want to increase pH value, you can use CaO (quicklime), NaOH (caustic soda) and K2HPO4(dipotassium hydrogen phosphate).
Adding Method: after dissolved in water spraying on composting pile

4. Poor ventilation: You can straw powder or return the compost pile.

5. Uneven mixing: Just mix well of the raw material with the help of compost making machine.

6. Compost pile
It is appropriate of 2 meters width, 1.5 meters height. It can be deodorant after 3 days the temperature rising. The whole fermentation takes 3-5 days in summer and 7-10 days of high carbon content organic materials. In winter, the fermentation time is prolonged.

7. If the fermentation temperature is too high, turn the materials regularly. If the temperature is about 60 degrees, keep the temperature and do not let the temperature continues to rise. When the temperature is too high, it will cause the phenomenon of burning materials.

Related reading:
1. Horse Manure Organic Fertilizer Compost and Production
2. How to Start an Organic Fertilizer Production Line

Abby
http://www.fertilizer-machinery.com
Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery

How Much Do you Know of Fertilizer Making Machine(Organic Fertilizer Production)?

Organic_fertilizer_production_line_副本
organic fertilizer production line

While we buying fertilizer making machine, we always want to know which one is the most suitable fertilizer machinery for us and how to choose the best fertilizer machine. Now, let me introduce fertilizer making machine information for you.

1. Compost turner machine: for commercial fertilizer production, compost making machine is necessary for the whole organic fertilizer manufacturing production. It not only increases turning efficiency and it saves composting time, which only takes 7-15 days for organic fertilizer fermentation.

2. Fertilizer crusher:  organic fertilizer crusher can crush the organic matters in the sludge, biogas digester, chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung fermentation, etc.

3. Fertilizer mixer:  fertilizer mixing machine is suitable for blending the formula feed, concentrated feed, additive premix, and raw materials of organic fertilizer.

4. Fertilizer granulator machine: organic fertilizer granulation is the most important process in the whole organic fertilizer production. It directly has an effect on fertilizer size, fertilizer strength and fertilizer quality.

5. Fertilizer dryer: rotary drum drying machine is used for drying compound fertilizer granular, organic fertilizer granular, animal manure, etc. High efficiency, evenly drying effect, stable operation, long service time.

6. Fertilizer cooler: Rotary drum cooling machine is used to cool fertilizer with certain temperature and particle size in compound fertilizer production line and organic fertilizer production line.

7. Fertilizer screening machine: Rotary drum screen is used for size separation of compound fertilizer and organic fertilizer. High screening efficiency, stable operation. Adopt combined screen, easy for maintenance and replacement.

8. Fertilizer packaging machine: The fertilizer packaging machine is mainly used for automatic quantitative weighing & packaging of powder and granule materials.

In fact, there are other accessory fertilizer machine in organic fertilizer manufacturing process. such as belt conveyor, fertilizer coating machine, organic fertilizer polishing machine, etc. In general speaking, the total organic fertilizer production process is Hydraulic Compost Turner (raw materials fermentation) → Pan Feeder (smooth feeding) → High Moisture Fertilizer Crusher (fermented materials crushing) → Disc Granulator (materials granulating) → Rotary Drum Dryer (fertilizer drying) → Rotary Drum Cooler (fertilizer cooling) → Drum Sifting Machine (fertilizer screening) → Organic Fertilizer Coating Machine (finished products coating) → Automatic Packing Machine (fertilizer packaging) → Vertical Crusher (substandard products crushing for re-granulating) → Belt Conveyor (raw materials and finished products transporting)

Commercial Organic Fertilizer Production and Granulation Process

Classification & Production Standards of Commercial Organic Fertilizer
Main types of commercial organic fertilizer can be classified into several types in accordance with its working conditions and nutrient content, including organic fertilizer, organic and inorganic fertilizer, and bio-organic fertilizer.
The Bio-organic Fertilizer refers to fertilizer produced by special and functional microorganism after harmless treatment and decomposition with composite organic materials. Now, let me introduce bio organic fertilizer manufacturing process for you.

organic fertilizer granulator
New type Organic Fertilizer Granulator Machine


Commonly Used Composting & Granulation Machines in Commercial Organic Fertilizer Production

It is essential for manufacturers to choose the right fertilizer machines. There are many factors affecting the quality of commercial organic fertilizer, equipment being the most important one.
Commercial organic fertilizer production mainly includes 2 processes. One is harmless organic waste treatment process: compost-making materials decomposition and fermentation. The main raw materials for commercial organic fertilizer production includes animal manure, municipal sewage sludge, garbage, candy pomace, crop stalks, paper filter mud, food and fermentation organic industrial waste, etc. The heat produced by thermophilic bacteria kills pathogenic microorganisms, viruses, bacteria, protozoa, worms and eggs that may inhabit wastes.
The other part is the granulation process of composting material. Benefits of organics granulation is to make organic fertilizer have good commercial properties, stable nutrient content and fertilizer efficiency for further storage, transportation and sale.

◇ Organic materials fermentation and decomposition
It usually adopts aerobic fermentation as the core of compact treatment in commercial organic fertilizer industrial production. The process consists of solid-liquid separation, material pre-treatment, fermentation, turning and decomposition. Studies have shown that the essence of the fermentation process is microbial decomposition of organic matter, wherein the amount of gas, temperature, humidity, and C/N are the main fermentation parameters, so the key technology of the regulation is to create a suitable environment for the aerobic microorganisms. In the retting process, heap mild pH value rising leads to nitrogen volatilization losses. Reducing nitrogen loss and preventing excessive organic matter decomposition of organic fertilizer are the keys to improve the organic fertilizer quality. The above problems can be solved by improving material pre-treatment, adjusting C/N, moisture, pH, and controlling temperature and fermentation time.

◇ Fermented organic material granulation

Fermented organic materials are characterized by coarse texture, poor adhesion and granulating difficulty. It has been bottleneck in organic fertilizer production for a long time. Organic fertilizer granulation can be in extrusion granulator organic production line and disc granulation organic fertilizer production line. Recently, organic fertilizer production can be processing in new type fertilizer granulator production line and rotary fertilizer granulator production line.


Extrusion granulation
: composting material with an appropriate amount of inorganic fertilizer is extruded by flat die extrusion granulator, and then organic fertilizer is directly bagging. This production has strict requirements of materials selection and pre-treatment. It needs to adjust to appropriate water content. Meanwhile, it requires fine texture and good adhesion. It features simple process, no drying process, high product water content, coarse columnar grains, and uniform particle size. However, it has easy collapsibility in the storage and transportation process and low production capacity.

disc fertilizer granulator_副本
organic disc fertilizer granulator


Disc granulation
: Almost all organic materials can be granulated with a disc fertilizer granulation technology. After material drying and finely pulverized with an adequate amount of fertilizer, materials are sending into thedisc granulator machine. The materials are mixed and bonded by humidifier spraying. With the rotation of the disc granulator, materials are produced to granules, and then it is sieved and dried again. Finally, it can be bagging. This kind of organic fertilizer production has modest production power, needs small power. The granules are in size of round shape. Before granulation, organic fertilizer raw materials need to be dried and crushed.


New type granulation
: new type organic fertilizer granulator is advanced fertilizer granulator machine. It can be used for all kinds of organic matters. There is no drying and crushing in organic fertilizer production. Mix organic raw materials in the machine, and then it can produce spherical granules. The organic matter content can reach to 100%, which is really pure organic material granulation. There is no need to dry fermented organic materials. The water content of organic raw materials can be 20-40%. The granulation rate is over 95%.

Drum granulation: Adopting a unique design in the rotary drum granulator, material particles collide with each other and organic materials with high humidity can be directly granulated. With wide range of applications and no special requirements on the material, it is widely used in large-scale organic fertilizer production line. In addition, it can directly produce organic fertilizer eliminating the need for pre-drying and crushing. The granules are spherical particles. With high granulating rate, drum organic fertilizer has good appearance.

Abby
http://www.fertilizer-machinery.com
Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery