As we all know, there is a long history for making organic fertilizer. From using animal manure directly to making organic fertilizer compost, it develops to make organic fertilizer pellets or granules. However, what is the whole organic fertilizer production process? Generally speaking, it can be divided into two main steps, composting and granulation.
◇ Organic materials fermentation and decomposition
It usually adopts aerobic fermentation as the core of compact treatment in commercial organic fertilizer industrial production. The process consists of solid-liquid separation, material pre-treatment, fermentation, turning and decomposition. Studies have shown that the essence of the fermentation process is microbial decomposition of organic matter, wherein the amount of gas, temperature, humidity, and C/N are the main fermentation parameters, so the key technology of the regulation is to create a suitable environment for the aerobic microorganisms. In the retting process, heap mild pH value rising leads to nitrogen volatilization losses. Reducing nitrogen loss and preventing excessive organic matter decomposition of organic fertilizer are the keys to improve the organic fertilizer quality. The above problems can be solved by improving material pre-treatment, adjusting C/N, moisture, pH, and controlling temperature and fermentation time. ◇ Fermented organic material granulation
Fermented organic materials are characterized by coarse texture, poor adhesion and
granulating difficulty. It has been bottleneck in organic fertilizer production for a long time. Organic fertilizer granulation can be in extrusion granulator organic production line and disc granulation organic fertilizer production line. Recently, organic fertilizer production can be processing in new type fertilizer granulator production line and pan fertilizer granulator production line.
When we refer to organic fertilizer production or organic fertilizer making, it seems that there are many factors we need to take into consideration.
1. How to choose organic fertilizer plant location?
2. What organic fertilizer granules should we produce? Ball shape or cylinder shape?
3. What raw materials can we use?
4. What is the whole organic fertilizer production process? What organic fertilizer making machine can we choose?
5. What is the marketing strategy?
Let us make an analysis on it one by one.
a. Organic fertilizer plant location
Generally speaking, we can choose areas that is near to raw materials. For example, if we choose chicken manure as our raw materials for organic fertilizer production, we can open our organic fertilizer factory at open areas where is near to chicken farm. As we all know, animal manure(chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, horse manure, rabbit manure) has some odor, so we cannot choose the location that is near to living areas. On the other hand, long-time and long-distance transportation may have negative effect on raw materials freshness.
c. Organic fertilizer raw materials choosing
What we used mostly is animal manure, like chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, rabbit manure, horse manure, etc. And we can use filter mud, vinasse, sludge, plant strem, food waste, olive leaves, wheat straw, etc. We can say that there are many raw materials we can use for our organic fertilizer production. In addition, the raw materials are cheap, so we can reduce our raw materials cost.
e. Organic fertilizer marketing strategy Organic fertilizer market analysis
You can make an analysis on organic fertilizer consumption, production, export and import. Make a concrete study of the data in recent years. Have in-depth understanding of organic fertilizer market development at home and abroad. Make clear of future development trend of local organic fertilizer market. And then find out the most popular organic fertilizer. Which type will be the next best-selling organic fertilizer. Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery has made some detailed analysis on organic fertilizer market, such as Organic Fertilizer Market Analysis in Indonesia
Setting sale target of organic fertilizer
When you make clear of frequency of organic fertilizer utility, you can set specific objectives in every sale stage. Routinely record sales performance and adjust sale strategy in time. According to sales performance and tendency, revise production plans. In other words, production is consistent with sale, avoiding oversupply or supply behind demand.
When it comes to manures, there is none more desired for the vegetable garden than chicken manure. Chicken manure for vegetable garden fertilizing is excellent, but there are some things you need to know about it in order to use it correctly. Keep reading to learn more about chicken manure compost and how to use it in the garden.
Using Chicken Manure for Vegetable Garden Fertilizer
Chicken manure fertilizer is very high in nitrogen and also contains a good amount of potassium and phosphorus. The high nitrogen and balanced nutrients is the reason that chicken manure compost is the best kind of manure to use.
But the high nitrogen in the chicken manure is dangerous to plants if the manure has not been properly composted. Raw chicken manure fertilizer can burn, and even kill plants. Composting chicken manure mellows the nitrogen and makes the manure suitable for the garden.
Composting Chicken Manure
Chicken manure composting gives the manure time to break down some of the more powerful nutrients so that they are more usable by the plants.
Composting chicken manure is simple. If you have chickens, you can use the bedding from your own chickens. If you do not own chickens, you can locate a farmer who owns chickens and they will most likely be happy to give you the used chicken bedding. The next step in chicken manure composting is to take the used bedding and put it into a compost bin. Water it thoroughly and then turn the pile every few weeks to get air into the pile. It takes about six to nine months, on average, for chicken manure compost to be done properly. The exact amount of time it takes for composting chicken manure depends on the conditions under which it is composted. If you are uncertain how well your chicken manure has been composted, you can wait up to 12 months to use your chicken manure compost. Once you have finished chicken manure composting, it is ready to use. Simply spread the chicken manure compost evenly over the garden. Work the compost into the soil with either a shovel or a tiller. Chicken manure for vegetable garden fertilizing will produce excellent soil for your vegetables to grow in. You will find that your vegetables will grow bigger and healthier as a result of using chicken manure fertilizer.
The whole organic fertilizer manufacturing process consists of: raw materials choosing →materials crushing→fermentation→blending (mixing with other organic-inorganic materials, NPK≥4%, organic matter ≥30%)→organic fertilizer granulation→drying→cooling→packaging
1)Fermentation Process: Hydraulic compost windrow turner is the most widely-used fermentation turning equipment. This compost windrow turner includes fermentation groove, walking track,
electricity system, turning components and multi-tank system. Fermentation and turning parts adopt advanced roller drive. The fermentation equipment of hydraulic fertilizer turner can be raised and lowered freely.
◇Shred raw materials using a mechanical shredder if necessary
◇Bag and weigh raw materials to compute for proportions of each material based on nature and moisture content
◇Pile the raw materials while watering if moisture is below 50%
◇Inoculate with activator while piling to attain well-distributed inoculants
◇Sieve the pile after the 7th turning
◇Sweeten pile to cool down temperature and open pile for 7 days to reduce moisture to 40%
◇Turn the pile every 2 days for seven times and check decomposition process within pile to determine if additional decomposition period is required. Moist the pile if necessary
2)Granulation Process New organic fertilizer granulation machine is widely used in organic fertilizer granulation,
and it is the dedicated fertilizer pellet mill to granulate organic waste, such as animal manure, rotten fruit, fruit peels, raw vegetables, green manure, sea manure, farmyard manure, three waste and microorganisms etc. Due to high granulation rate, stable operation, durable equipment and long service life, it has been the ideal choice for organic fertilizer production. The shell of this fertilizer pellet mill are made of seamless tubes, more durable and never deformation. Coupled with secure base design, making this machine run more stable. The compressive strength of new type granulator is higher than disc granulator and rotary drum granulator. Size of particles is adjustable in accordance with customers’ requirements. This fertilizer granulator is most suitable for direct-granulation after organics fermentation, saving drying process, and greatly reducing the production cost.
3)Fertilizer Drying and Cooling Process
The granular fertilizer formed by the fertilizer granulator has high moisture content and
shall be dried to meet the standard. Rotary drum drying machine is mainly used for drying fertilizer with certain humidity and particle size in the compound fertilizer and organic fertilizer production. Fertilizer after drying have high temperature and shall be cooled to prevent caking of the fertilizer. Rotary drum cooling machine is used to cool fertilizer with certain temperature and particle size in compound fertilizer production line and organic fertilizer production line. The cooler is used combining with the rotary dryer, which can greatly increase the cooling rate, reduce labor intensity, increase capacity, and further remove the moisture and reduce the temperature of fertilizer.
4) Fertilizer Screening Process
In fertilizer production, the fertilizer granular shall be screened before packaging to ensure the uniformity of the finished product. Rotary drum screening machine is a common equipment used in the fertilizer industry for compound fertilizer production and organic fertilizer production. Rotary screen is mainly used in the fertilizer production line to separate finished product and returning materials. The trommel can also be used for classifying the finished product.
5) Fertilizer Packing
Materials are fed by gravity-type feeder, then enter into weighing system uniformly through gravity-type feeder from stock bin or production line. The gravity-type feeder starts to run after turning on packing machine. Then material will be filled into weighing hopper, through weighing hopper filled into bag. When weight reaches the preset value, the gravity-type feeder will stop running. Operators takes filled bag away, or put it on belt conveyor to sewing machine. The packing process finishes.
Green organic fertilizer is based on chicken manure and straw raw materials, which is produced by organic fertilizer making machine using multidimensional complex enzyme. This enzyme is an eco-zymophyte agent composed of 106 kinds of beneficial microorganisms that can produce a variety of enzymes, including lactobacillus series, heat-resistant Bacillus group, bifidobacterium group, yeast and other groups. The bio organic fertilizer is non-toxic to humans and animals. It approves can nitrogen fixation, Phosphate and potassium dissolving. In addition, it decomposes fertilizer and chemical pesticide, thus it increases yield and quality for farming and aquaculture.
Fertilizer making machine: you need a fertilizer mixer, a fertilizer plant for several square meters. If you want to produce commercial organic fertilizer, organic fertilizer granulator machine is necessary for your production.
Organic fertilizer raw materials: Taking one ton of chicken manure as an example, you need one ton of chicken manure, 0.3 tons of straw powder, 5 kg cornmeal and 8 kg species.
Organic fertilizer production process: mixing chicken manure, straw powder, cornmeal and strains→composting→granulation→drying and cooling→packaging
Firstly, mix the right amount of chicken manure and straw powder. How much straw powder you add is depended on water content. It usually needs 45% moisture. How to know the water content whether is proper? You can hold the materials in a ball. Water can be seeped from fingers but not dripping. When you open your hand, the ball can be scattered. Then add bacteria and cornmeal. The role of cornmeal is to increase the sugar for bacteria fermentation.
Secondly, add raw materials to fertilizer mixer for mixing in order to make materials uniform, leaving no green blocks.
The mixed ingredients are piled 1.5 meters wide and 0.8-1 meters long. Then turn it with compost mixer turner for fermentation.
Composting can heat up within one day and decomposition in 7 days. Specifically speaking, the temperature of composting can reach to 60 ℃ -80 ℃ in the first day, killing E. coli, eggs and other pests and diseases. In the next day, it can eliminate the smell of chicken manure. In the third day, compost becomes loose and dry covered with white mycelium. In the fourth day, it gives off a koji flavor. In the fifth to seventh day, fermentation is mature. Then the materials can be granulated into organic fertilizer pellets with fertilizer granulator machine. (See more organic fertilizer production process)
Organic matter content in green organic fertilizer is more than 45%, which is a nutritionally complete organic fertilizer. If it is added in different elements, it will form vegetables, flowers, fruit trees, cotton and oil crops and other special fertilizer.