What Should We Notice in the Process of Organic Fertilizer Fermentation?

compost in hands
1. Fermentation material air permeability
In strict fermentation process, permeability condition has a direct impact on bacterial reproduction for anaerobic bacteria and aerobic bacteria. You can increase some holes in compost  in order to increase permeability. In the windrow stacking trough fermentation or groove type fermentation, try to add the required materials. You must pay attention to the ratio of the weight ratio rather than volume in the organic fertilizer production process.

2. When it is fermented for 1-2 days, the temperature is not changed or increased rapidly. It may be causes by excessive moisture. Firstly, check if the water content is greater than 60%. If so, add the dry materials and adjust to 60%. Another case is a lot of people cover airtight plastic to compost pile, leading to anaerobic fermentation. The correct way is to keep 15-20 centimeters of space between plastic and compost pile. In fact, you can use compost mixer turner to mix and turn compost pile. It can save time and labor force for fermentation.

3. When pH is too high or too low, it is easy to cause temperature is kept below 50 degrees. It means that your fermentation temperature is a little lower than normal fermentation temperature. Thus, you need to adjust pH value. If you want to lower pH value, you can use H3PO4 (phosphoric acid), KH2PO4 (potassium dihydrogen phosphate), FeCL3 (ferric chloride) and FeSO4 · 7H2O (black alum). If you want to increase pH value, you can use CaO (quicklime), NaOH (caustic soda) and K2HPO4(dipotassium hydrogen phosphate).
Adding Method: after dissolved in water spraying on composting pile

4. Poor ventilation: You can straw powder or return the compost pile.

5. Uneven mixing: Just mix well of the raw material with the help of compost making machine.

6. Compost pile
It is appropriate of 2 meters width, 1.5 meters height. It can be deodorant after 3 days the temperature rising. The whole fermentation takes 3-5 days in summer and 7-10 days of high carbon content organic materials. In winter, the fermentation time is prolonged.

7. If the fermentation temperature is too high, turn the materials regularly. If the temperature is about 60 degrees, keep the temperature and do not let the temperature continues to rise. When the temperature is too high, it will cause the phenomenon of burning materials.

Related reading:
1. Horse Manure Organic Fertilizer Compost and Production
2. How to Start an Organic Fertilizer Production Line

Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery


How Much Do you Know of Fertilizer Making Machine(Organic Fertilizer Production)?

organic fertilizer production line

While we buying fertilizer making machine, we always want to know which one is the most suitable fertilizer machinery for us and how to choose the best fertilizer machine. Now, let me introduce fertilizer making machine information for you.

1. Compost turner machine: for commercial fertilizer production, compost making machine is necessary for the whole organic fertilizer manufacturing production. It not only increases turning efficiency and it saves composting time, which only takes 7-15 days for organic fertilizer fermentation.

2. Fertilizer crusher:  organic fertilizer crusher can crush the organic matters in the sludge, biogas digester, chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung fermentation, etc.

3. Fertilizer mixer:  fertilizer mixing machine is suitable for blending the formula feed, concentrated feed, additive premix, and raw materials of organic fertilizer.

4. Fertilizer granulator machine: organic fertilizer granulation is the most important process in the whole organic fertilizer production. It directly has an effect on fertilizer size, fertilizer strength and fertilizer quality.

5. Fertilizer dryer: rotary drum drying machine is used for drying compound fertilizer granular, organic fertilizer granular, animal manure, etc. High efficiency, evenly drying effect, stable operation, long service time.

6. Fertilizer cooler: Rotary drum cooling machine is used to cool fertilizer with certain temperature and particle size in compound fertilizer production line and organic fertilizer production line.

7. Fertilizer screening machine: Rotary drum screen is used for size separation of compound fertilizer and organic fertilizer. High screening efficiency, stable operation. Adopt combined screen, easy for maintenance and replacement.

8. Fertilizer packaging machine: The fertilizer packaging machine is mainly used for automatic quantitative weighing & packaging of powder and granule materials.

In fact, there are other accessory fertilizer machine in organic fertilizer manufacturing process. such as belt conveyor, fertilizer coating machine, organic fertilizer polishing machine, etc. In general speaking, the total organic fertilizer production process is Hydraulic Compost Turner (raw materials fermentation) → Pan Feeder (smooth feeding) → High Moisture Fertilizer Crusher (fermented materials crushing) → Disc Granulator (materials granulating) → Rotary Drum Dryer (fertilizer drying) → Rotary Drum Cooler (fertilizer cooling) → Drum Sifting Machine (fertilizer screening) → Organic Fertilizer Coating Machine (finished products coating) → Automatic Packing Machine (fertilizer packaging) → Vertical Crusher (substandard products crushing for re-granulating) → Belt Conveyor (raw materials and finished products transporting)

Why Should we produce organic fertilizer?

organic fertilizer granules
organic fertilizer granules

what is organic fertilizer?

Organic fertilizer granules are a kind of natural based fertilizer which is usually used to help plants grow. Many organic fertilizers use all natural oceanic substances like fish guts and seaweed and poultry manure like cow manure,sheep manure and chicken manure. Organic fertilizer is one of two kinds of fertilizers. As you know, organic fertilizers use organic substances, where Miracle Gro, uses some unnatural substances that help increase your plant’s growth unnaturally. That is what organic fertilizer is.the production raw materials can be farm animal manure, plant matter, seaweed, peat moss, fish waste, etc.

why organic fertilizer better than compound fertilizer?

If you’re a gardener or a farmer who’s planning to switch from chemical compound fertilizer granules to organic fertilizers, you may be afraid that using organic materials will be more complicated and less convenient than using chemical compound fertilizers. Not really! Organic fertilizer blends can be just as convenient and effective as chemical compound fertilizers. You don’t need to custom feed your plants organically unless it’s an activity you enjoy. So while some experts will spread a little blood meal around their tomatoes when planting, and then some bone meal just when the blossoms are about to pop, most gardeners will be satisfied to make one or two applications of general-purpose organic fertilizer throughout the garden.

Convenient products like organic animal-manure pellets and liquid seaweed make it easy to fertilize houseplants and containers too.

Organic fertilizer is a kind of complete fertilizer. it has the required nutrients that crops requires and a variety of useful elements and nutrients proportion comprehensive, which is beneficial crop uptake. it also has a role in improving soil properties, specifically the application of fertilizers and the use of what and how much should be based on specific circumstances.

Organic fertilizers typically contain lower concentrations of major nutrients, but a wider variety of micronutrients. compound chemical fertilizers typically contain much higher concentrations of the nutrients, and so require very precise application to avoid damaging the crop. Unless properly made, organic fertilizers can harbor disease, as well.

Related information:
1. How to produce commercial organic fertilizer?
2. How to start a new organic fertilizer production line?

Commercial Organic Fertilizer Production and Granulation Process

Classification & Production Standards of Commercial Organic Fertilizer
Main types of commercial organic fertilizer can be classified into several types in accordance with its working conditions and nutrient content, including organic fertilizer, organic and inorganic fertilizer, and bio-organic fertilizer.
The Bio-organic Fertilizer refers to fertilizer produced by special and functional microorganism after harmless treatment and decomposition with composite organic materials. Now, let me introduce bio organic fertilizer manufacturing process for you.

organic fertilizer granulator
New type Organic Fertilizer Granulator Machine

Commonly Used Composting & Granulation Machines in Commercial Organic Fertilizer Production

It is essential for manufacturers to choose the right fertilizer machines. There are many factors affecting the quality of commercial organic fertilizer, equipment being the most important one.
Commercial organic fertilizer production mainly includes 2 processes. One is harmless organic waste treatment process: compost-making materials decomposition and fermentation. The main raw materials for commercial organic fertilizer production includes animal manure, municipal sewage sludge, garbage, candy pomace, crop stalks, paper filter mud, food and fermentation organic industrial waste, etc. The heat produced by thermophilic bacteria kills pathogenic microorganisms, viruses, bacteria, protozoa, worms and eggs that may inhabit wastes.
The other part is the granulation process of composting material. Benefits of organics granulation is to make organic fertilizer have good commercial properties, stable nutrient content and fertilizer efficiency for further storage, transportation and sale.

◇ Organic materials fermentation and decomposition
It usually adopts aerobic fermentation as the core of compact treatment in commercial organic fertilizer industrial production. The process consists of solid-liquid separation, material pre-treatment, fermentation, turning and decomposition. Studies have shown that the essence of the fermentation process is microbial decomposition of organic matter, wherein the amount of gas, temperature, humidity, and C/N are the main fermentation parameters, so the key technology of the regulation is to create a suitable environment for the aerobic microorganisms. In the retting process, heap mild pH value rising leads to nitrogen volatilization losses. Reducing nitrogen loss and preventing excessive organic matter decomposition of organic fertilizer are the keys to improve the organic fertilizer quality. The above problems can be solved by improving material pre-treatment, adjusting C/N, moisture, pH, and controlling temperature and fermentation time.

◇ Fermented organic material granulation

Fermented organic materials are characterized by coarse texture, poor adhesion and granulating difficulty. It has been bottleneck in organic fertilizer production for a long time. Organic fertilizer granulation can be in extrusion granulator organic production line and disc granulation organic fertilizer production line. Recently, organic fertilizer production can be processing in new type fertilizer granulator production line and rotary fertilizer granulator production line.

Extrusion granulation
: composting material with an appropriate amount of inorganic fertilizer is extruded by flat die extrusion granulator, and then organic fertilizer is directly bagging. This production has strict requirements of materials selection and pre-treatment. It needs to adjust to appropriate water content. Meanwhile, it requires fine texture and good adhesion. It features simple process, no drying process, high product water content, coarse columnar grains, and uniform particle size. However, it has easy collapsibility in the storage and transportation process and low production capacity.

disc fertilizer granulator_副本
organic disc fertilizer granulator

Disc granulation
: Almost all organic materials can be granulated with a disc fertilizer granulation technology. After material drying and finely pulverized with an adequate amount of fertilizer, materials are sending into thedisc granulator machine. The materials are mixed and bonded by humidifier spraying. With the rotation of the disc granulator, materials are produced to granules, and then it is sieved and dried again. Finally, it can be bagging. This kind of organic fertilizer production has modest production power, needs small power. The granules are in size of round shape. Before granulation, organic fertilizer raw materials need to be dried and crushed.

New type granulation
: new type organic fertilizer granulator is advanced fertilizer granulator machine. It can be used for all kinds of organic matters. There is no drying and crushing in organic fertilizer production. Mix organic raw materials in the machine, and then it can produce spherical granules. The organic matter content can reach to 100%, which is really pure organic material granulation. There is no need to dry fermented organic materials. The water content of organic raw materials can be 20-40%. The granulation rate is over 95%.

Drum granulation: Adopting a unique design in the rotary drum granulator, material particles collide with each other and organic materials with high humidity can be directly granulated. With wide range of applications and no special requirements on the material, it is widely used in large-scale organic fertilizer production line. In addition, it can directly produce organic fertilizer eliminating the need for pre-drying and crushing. The granules are spherical particles. With high granulating rate, drum organic fertilizer has good appearance.

Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery

What Materials Can be Used in Organic Fertilizer Production?

chicken manure

What material can be processed in organic fertilizer production line? Nowadays, organic fertilizer production raw materials are constantly increasing from the poultry manure, plants, fruits, sludge, and municipal solid waste to the latest eupatorium organic fertilizer production line. Since the material is growing, of course, fertilizer making machine is different and updated. Therefore, there is different organic fertilizer manufacturing equipment for each raw material. In addition, the annual output of different organic fertilizer production line will be changed.

Organic manure fertilizer is commonly known, including a variety of animal and plant residues or metabolites composition, human and animal feces, straw, animal residues, slaughterhouse waste, etc. In the meanwhile, it also includes a cake fertilizer, compost, biogas manure and green manure. Organic fertilizer mainly supplies the organic matter as a way to improve soil physical and chemical properties and promote plant growth and soil ecosystem cycle. After harmless treatment and organic materials decomposition, organic fertilizer can be produced to fertilizer that has characterized by microbial fertilizer and organic fertilizer effect.

Common organic fertilizer raw materials:
1. Agricultural waste: straw, the dregs of beans, cotton dregs, rice bran, etc.
2. Animal manure: mixture of poultry litter and animal waste, such as the wastes of slaughterhouse, fish market, urine and dung of cattle, pigs, sheep, chicken, ducks, geese, goat, etc.
3. Industrial waste: wine lees, vinegar residue, manioc waste, sugar scam, furfural residue, etc.
4. Home scrap: food waste, the roots and leaves of vegetables, etc.
5. Sludge: the sludge of the river, sewer, etc.

Related reading:
1. Commercial Organic Fertilizer Production and Granulation
2. 50,000 Tons/year New Type Granulator Production Line

Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery

5 Factors that Affects You Purchasing Fertilizer Making Machine

organic fertilizer production machinery_副本
When it comes to fertilizer making machine or fertilizer machine, the first we should to know is the type of fertilizer production. Generally speaking, it is divided to organic fertilizer production line and compound fertilizer production line. Therefore, when we choose fertilizer making machine, we have many factors to take into consideration.

1. Making sure Fertilizer Production Line Type
Would you want to begin organic fertilizer production or compound fertilizer production? Before you starting your production, you should know fertilizer demand in your country. For example, what is N, P, K demand in you local area? What is organic food prospect in your city? What is fertilizer market share of each fertilizer? What is fertilizer price trend? Such questions are needed to make certain. Of course, if you have enough time, you can make a detailed survey for fertilizer market.

Extended reading:
Fertilizer Market Analysis in South Africa
Organic Fertilizer Market Analysis in Indonesia

2. Designing Fertilizer Production Capacity
Production capacity relates to production effect directly.  It is 1-10 tons per hour for organic fertilizer production. Compound fertilizer production capacity is much more larger,which is 3- 30 tons per hour. Make sure your production capacity and then plan your fertilizer machine budget.

Fertilizers from Rotary Drum Granulator3. Determining Granule Shapes

Granules are powdery, colimnar, flat or sphercal.  The common granulators are as follows.

Flat Die Extrusion Granulator

The flat die fertilizer granule machine is use for producing organic fertilizer.  It can granulate inorganic and organic matters after fermentation. Granules are in the form of cylindrical.

Double Mode Extrusion Granulator

This kind of machine can be used in the process of compound and bio-organic fertilizer production.  The granules are cylindrical too. With high technology, it increases fertilizer production yield and efficiency.

Rotary Drum Fertilizer Granulator

Rotary drum fertilizer granulator is the important fertilizer machine in the whole compound and organic fertilizer plant. It can produce ball shape granules. This machine is suitable for large amount of fertilizer production.

Pan Fertilizer Granulator

The pan granulator is one of the great granulators, which is suitable for organic and compound fertilizer production.  It can make ball granules.

New Type Spherical Organic Fertilizer Granulator

New type organic fertilizer granulator is used for granulating different kinds of organic materials, such as chicken manure, crop straw and  poultry manure, etc. The materials can be granulted directly without drying.  The granulaes are in the form of ball.

4. Choosing  Suitable Compost Turner

If you plan to produce organic fertilizer, compost making machine is helpful for you. Fermentation is the key process in the whole fertilizer production. It has a direct impact on fertilizer granulation. In other words, it is precondition for fertilizer production.  During fermentation,  the popular turners are hydraulic compost turner and self-propelled compost turner.  You can also use groove type compost turner and double helix compost turner in accordance with your indeed demands.

5. Fertilizer Production Raw Materials 
As for organic fertilizer production, it usually contains horse manure, bird manure, cow dung, chicken manure, sheep manure, pig manure, crop straw, municipal sludge, leftovers, etc.
As for compound fertilizer production , there are some fertilizer choice for you, like urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate(MAP), diammonium phosphate(DAP), single superphosphate(SSP), potassium chloride, potassium sulfate, etc.

Fan Way Fertilizer Machinery